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New species of Begonia found in Gaoligong Mountains
Author: Ding Hongbo
Update time: 2022-07-13
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Begonia is the sixth largest genus of angiosperms. Yunnan has 117 species of Begonia among the 250 species from China. Among the currently known Begonias in China, only Begonia yui has paired bracteoles below the ovary. 

During the botanical surveys of the transboundary cooperation on biodiversity research and conservation in Gaoligong Mountains in 2021, researchers from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) collected an unknown Begonia species with bracteoles present.  

After careful literature review and morphological comparisons, the researchers confirmed it as a species new to science. They named it as Begonia longlingensis to refer to the type locality in Longling County. The new species was published in Taiwania. 

Begonia longlingensis is morphologically similar to B. wenshanensis in having similar leaves and caulescent habit. But it can be distinguished from the similar species by the following characters: puberulous inflorescences, five tepals of pistillate flower, bracteoles under the ovary, ovary densely red succulent strigose and rhizomes well developed. 

The new species is currently known from Longling Xiaoheishan Provincial Natural Reserve of Baoshan City, and, Linxiang District of Lincang City, Yunnan Province, China. It grows in moist environment in broad-leaved evergreen forests, at 2100–2300 m elevation. 


TAN Yunhong  Principal Investigator        

Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China             

E-mail: tyh@xtbg.org.cn 



Begonia longlingensis (Image by TAN Yunhong) 


Begonia longlingensis (Image by TAN Yunhong) 


Begonia longlingensis (Image by TAN Yunhong) 

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Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China
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