Ficus is a genus of about 1,000 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes, and hemiepiphyte in the family Moraceae, collectively known as fig trees or figs. They distribute throughout the tropics, with a few species extending into semi-warm temperate zone. Ficus is one of the “keystone” plant species in the tropical rainforests.
There are around 100 species of Ficus in China, of which 67 species are found in Yunnan province and 48 species in Xishuangbanna. Many Ficus species exhibit spectacular phenomena, such as plank buttress, cauliflory, aerial garden, strangler figs, etc, which reflects characteristics of tropical rainforests. In Xishuangbanna, local people have gradually developed cultures of fig trees. Some fig species are deemed holy trees and Buddhist trees worshipped by almost all minorities in Xishuangbanna.
Built in 1993, Fig Garden occupies an area of 1.5ha and home to 160 fig species. Some spectacles like “tree-wrapped pagoda”, “pagoda-wrapped tree”, and “one-tree forest” can be seen in this garden.