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Faculty and Staff
LIU Wenjie
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XTBG, Menglun, Mengla, 666303, Yunnan, China


08/2002-07/2005 Ph.D. in Ecology, Research Centre for Eco-environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences

01/2000-08/2000 visiting scholar, Bo/Nexfor Watershed Research Centre, University of New Brunswick, Canada

09/1987-07/1991 B.S. in Meteorology, Department of Geophysics, Yunnan University



My major research is focused on the mechanisms controlling water and soil processes in relation to environmental variables in tropical and subtropical forest. This includes investigating the manipulation and management of water and soil processes for the degraded lands. I am also interested in the research on water-use patterns of plants in tropical or subtropical forest.


 Botany, Ecohydrology




1.Zhu XI, Yuan X, Lu EF, Yang B, Wang HF, Du YY, Singh AK, Liu WJ: Soil splash erosion: An overlooked issue for sustainable rubber plantation in the tropical region of China. Int Soil Water Conserv Res 2023, 11(1):30-42. 

2.Singh AK, Zhu XI, Chen CF, Yang B, Pandey VC, Liu WJ, Singh N: Investigating the recovery in ecosystem functions and multifunctionality after 10 years of natural revegetation on fly ash technosol. Science of the Total Environment 2023, 875. 

3.Lu EF, Yang B, Liu WJ, Zhu XI: Herbs perform better than woody plants at improving soil hydrological properties in rubber agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems 2023. 

4.Liu JQ, Liu WJ, Zhang WL, Wang PY: The detected effects of driptips and leaf wettability on the kinetic energy of throughfall in rubber-based agroforestry in Xishuangbanna. Ecohydrology 2023, 16(1). 

5.Jiang XJ, Wang HF, Zakari S, Zhu XA, Singh AK, Lin YX, Liu WJ, Liu JQ, Chen CF: Assessing the impact of forest conversion to plantations on soil degradation and forest water conservation in the humid tropical region of Southeast Asia: Implications for forest restoration. Geoderma 2023, 440. 

6.Chen CF, Singh AK, Yang B, Wang HF, Liu WJ: Effect of termite mounds on soil microbial communities and microbial processes: Implications for soil carbon and nitrogen cycling. Geoderma 2023, 431. 

7.Zhu XA, Liu WJ, Yuan X, Chen CF, Zhu K, Zhang WJ, Yang B: Aggregate stability and size distribution regulate rainsplash erosion: Evidence from a humid tropical soil under different land-use regimes. Geoderma 2022, 420. 

8.Zhu XA, Jiang XJ, Singh AK, Zeng HH, Chen CF, Lu EF, Liu WJ: Reduced litterfall and decomposition alters nutrient cycling following conversion of tropical natural forests to rubber plantations. Ecological Indicators 2022, 138. 

9.Zhang WJ, Zhu XA, Ji SY, Chen CF, Zeng HH, Zou X, Yang B, Jiang XJ, Liu WJ: Soil water movement differences relating to banana (Musa nana Lour.) plantation regime. Land Degradation & Development 2022, 33(11):1821-1835. 

10.Zeng HH, Wu JE, Singh AK, Zhu XA, Zhang WJ, Hahn P, Holscher D, Liu WJ: Effect of intercrops complexity on water uptake patterns in rubber plantations: Evidence from stable isotopes (C-H-O) analysis. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 2022, 338. 

11.Wu JE, Zeng HH, Zhao F, Chen CF, Singh AK, Jiang XJ, Yang B, Liu WJ: Plant hydrological niches become narrow but stable as the complexity of interspecific competition increases. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2022, 320. 

12.Wang HF, Zhu XA, Zakari S, Chen CF, Liu WJ, Jiang XJ: Assessing the Effects of Plant Roots on Soil Water Infiltration Using Dyes and Hydrus-1D. Forests 2022, 13(7). 

13.Song L, Yang B, Liu LL, Mo YX, Liu WJ, Meng XJ, Lu HZ, Li Y, Zakari S, Tan ZH et al: Spatial-temporal differentiations in water use of coexisting trees from a subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest in Southwest China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2022, 316. 

14.Singh AK, Zhu XA, Chen CF, Wu JE, Yang B, Zakari S, Jiang XJ, Singh N, Liu WJ: The role of glomalin in mitigation of multiple soil degradation problems. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 2022, 52(9):1604-1638. 

15.Chen CF, Zou X, Singh AK, Zhu XA, Jiang XJ, Wu JN, Liu WJ: Effects of grazing exclusion on soil infiltrability and preferential flow in savannah livestock grazing systems. Land Degradation & Development 2022, 33(16):3010-3022. 

16.Zou X, Zhu XA, Zhu P, Singh AK, Zakari S, Yang B, Chen CF, Liu WJ: Soil quality assessment of different Hevea brasiliensis plantations in tropical China. Journal of Environmental Management 2021, 285. 

17.Zhu XA, Zhang WJ, Jiang XJ, Zakari S, Lu EF, Singh AK, Yang B, Liu WJ: Conversion of primary tropical rainforest into rubber plantation degrades the hydrological functions of forest litter: Insights from experimental study. Catena 2021, 200. 

18.Zhu X, Zou X, Lu EF, Deng Y, Luo Y, Chen H, Liu WJ: Litterfall biomass and nutrient cycling in karst and nearby non-karst forests in tropical China: A 10-year comparison. Science of the Total Environment 2021, 758. 

19.Zhang WJ, Zhu XA, Chen CF, Zeng HH, Jiang XJ, Wu JE, Zou X, Yang B, Liu WJ: Large broad-leaved canopy of banana (Musa nana Lour.) induces dramatically high spatial-temporal variability of throughfall. Hydrology Research 2021, 52(6):1223-1238. 

20.Zhang WJ, Liu WJ, Li WX, Zhu XA, Chen CF, Zeng HH, Jiang XJ, Singh AK, Yang B: Characteristics of throughfall kinetic energy under the banana (Musa nana Lour.) canopy: The role of leaf shapes. Catena 2021, 197. 

21.Zhang TT, Liu WY, Hu T, Tang DD, Mo YX, Wu Y: Divergent Adaptation Strategies of Vascular Facultative Epiphytes to Bark and Soil Habitats: Insights from Stoichiometry. Forests 2021, 12(1). 

22.Zeng HH, Wu JN, Zhu XA, Singh AK, Chen CF, Liu WJ: Jungle rubber facilitates the restoration of degraded soil of an existing rubber plantation. Journal of Environmental Management 2021, 281. 

23.Zaw Z, Fan ZX, Brauning A, Liu WJ, Gaire NP, Than KZ, Panthi S: Monsoon precipitation variations in Myanmar since AD 1770: linkage to tropical ocean-atmospheric circulations. Clim Dyn 2021, 56(9-10):3337-3352. 

24.Zakari S, Jiang XJ, Zhu X, Liu WJ, Allakonon MGB, Singh AK, Chen CF, Zou X, Akponikpe PBI, Dossa GGO et al: Influence of sulfur amendments on heavy metals phytoextraction from agricultural contaminated soils: A meta-analysis*. Environmental Pollution 2021, 288. 

25.Yang B, Meng XJ, Zhu XA, Zakari S, Singh AK, Bibi F, Mei N, Song L, Liu WJ: Coffee performs better than amomum as a candidate in the rubber agroforestry system: Insights from water relations. Agricultural Water Management 2021, 244. 

26.Singh AK, Liu WJ, Zakari S, Wu JE, Yang B, Jiang XJ, Zhu XA, Zou X, Zhang WJ, Chen CF et al: A global review of rubber plantations: Impacts on ecosystem functions, mitigations, future directions, and policies for sustainable cultivation. Science of the Total Environment 2021, 796. 

27.Singh AK, Jiang XJ, Yang B, Li HM, Liu WJ, Singh N: Effect of root-glomalin on soil carbon storage in trees' rhizosphere and interspace of a tropical dry forest. Land Degradation & Development 2021, 32(18):5281-5291. 

28.Jiang XJ, Zhu X, Yuan ZQ, Li XG, Liu WJ, Zakari S: Lateral flow between bald and vegetation patches induces the degradation of alpine meadow in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Science of the Total Environment 2021, 751. 

29.Chen CF, Zou X, Wu JN, Zhu XA, Jiang XJ, Zhang WJ, Zeng HH, Liu WJ: Accumulation and spatial homogeneity of nutrients within termite (Odontotermes yunnanensis) mounds in the Xishuangbanna region, SW China. Catena 2021, 198. 

30.Chen CF, Zou X, Singh AK, Zhu XA, Zhang WJ, Yang B, Jiang XJ, Liu WJ: Effects of hillslope position on soil water infiltration and preferential flow in tropical forest in southwest China. Journal of Environmental Management 2021, 299. 

31.Zhu XA, Liu WJ, Chen J, Bruijnzeel LA, Mao Z, Yang XD, Cardinael R, Meng FR, Sidle RC, Seitz S et al: Reductions in water, soil and nutrient losses and pesticide pollution in agroforestry practices: a review of evidence and processes. Plant and Soil 2020, 453(1-2):45-86. 

32.Zaw Z, Fan ZX, Brauning A, Xu CX, Liu WJ, Gaire NP, Panthi S, Than KZ: Drought Reconstruction Over the Past Two Centuries in Southern Myanmar Using Teak Tree-Rings: Linkages to the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Geophysical Research Letters 2020, 47(10). 

33.Zakari S, Liu WJ, Wu JN, Singh AK, Jiang XJ, Yang B, Chen CF, Zhu XA: Decay and erosion-related transport of sulfur compounds in soils of rubber based agroforestry. Journal of Environmental Management 2020, 274. 

34.Yang B, Zhang WJ, Meng XJ, Singh AK, Zakari S, Song L, Liu WJ: Effects of a funnel-shaped canopy on rainfall redistribution and plant water acquisition in a banana (Musa spp.) plantation. Soil & Tillage Research 2020, 203. 

35.Yang B, Meng XJ, Singh AK, Wang PY, Song L, Zakari S, Liu WJ: Intercrops improve surface water availability in rubber-based agroforestry systems. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 2020, 298. 

36.Wu JN, Zeng HH, Zhao F, Chen CF, Jiang XJ, Zhu XA, Wang PY, Wu ZX, Liu WJ: The Nutrient Status of Plant Roots Reveals Competition Intensities in Rubber Agroforestry Systems. Forests 2020, 11(11). 

37.Wu J, Zeng HH, Zhao F, Chen CF, Liu WJ, Yang B, Zhang WJ: Recognizing the role of plant species composition in the modification of soil nutrients and water in rubber agroforestry systems. Science of the Total Environment 2020, 723. 

38.Singh AK, Jiang XJ, Yang B, Wu JN, Rai A, Chen CF, Ahirwal J, Wang PY, Liu WJ, Singh N: Biological indicators affected by land use change, soil resource availability and seasonality in dry tropics. Ecological Indicators 2020, 115. 

39.Liu WJ, Hughes AC, Bai Y, Li ZJ, Mei CC, Ma YX: Using landscape connectivity tools to identify conservation priorities in forested areas and potential restoration priorities in rubber plantation in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Landscape Ecology 2020, 35(2):389-402. 

40.Jiang XJ, Zakari S, Wu JN, Singh AK, Chen CF, Zhu XA, Zhang WJ, Liu WJ: Can complementary preferential flow and non-preferential flow domains contribute to soil water supply for rubber plantation? Forest Ecology and Management 2020, 461. 

41.Zhu XA, Chen CF, Wu JN, Yang JB, Zhang WJ, Zou X, Liu WJ, Jiang XJ: Can intercrops improve soil water infiltrability and preferential flow in rubber-based agroforestry system? Soil & Tillage Research 2019, 191:327-339. 

42.Zhu X, Liu W, Chen H, Deng Y, Chen C, Zeng H: Effects of forest transition on litterfall, standing litter and related nutrient returns: Implications for forest management in tropical China. Geoderma 2019, 333:123-134. 

43.Wu JN, Zeng HH, Chen CF, Liu WJ, Jiang XJ: Intercropping the Sharp-Leaf Galangal with the Rubber Tree Exhibits Weak Belowground Competition. Forests 2019, 10(10). 

44.Wu JN, Zeng HH, Chen CF, Liu WJ: Can intercropping with the Chinese medicinal herbs change the water use of the aged rubber trees? Agricultural Water Management 2019, 226. 

45.Wang PY, Liu WJ, Zhang JL, Yang B, Singh AK, Wu JE, Jiang XJ: Seasonal and spatial variations of water use among riparian vegetation in tropical monsoon region of SW China. Ecohydrology 2019, 12(4). 

46.Liu JQ, Liu WJ, Li WX, Zeng HH: How does a rubber plantation affect the spatial variability and temporal stability of throughfall? Hydrology Research 2019, 50(1):60-74. 

47.Jiang XJ, Chen CF, Zhu XA, Zakari S, Singh AK, Zhang WJ, Zeng HH, Yuan ZQ, He CG, Yu SQ et al: Use of dye infiltration experiments and HYDRUS-3D to interpret preferential flow in soil in a rubber-based agroforestry systems in Xishuangbanna, China. Catena 2019, 178:120-131. 

48.Chen CF, Wu JN, Zhu XA, Jiang XJ, Liu WJ, Zeng HH, Meng FR: Hydrological characteristics and functions of termite mounds in areas with clear dry and rainy seasons. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 2019, 277:25-35. 

49.Chen C, Liu W, Wu J, Jiang X, Zhu X: Can intercropping with the cash crop help improve the soil physico-chemical properties of rubber plantations? Geoderma 2019, 335:149-160. 

50.Zhu X, Liu W, Jiang XJ, Wang P, Li W: Effects of land-use changes on runoff and sediment yield: Implications for soil conservation and forest management in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Land Degradation & Development 2018, 29(9):2962-2974. 

51.Wu Y, Song L, Liu WY, Liu WJ, Li S, Fu PL, Shen YX, Wu JE, Wang PY, Chen Q et al: Fog Water Is Important in Maintaining the Water Budgets of Vascular Epiphytes in an Asian Tropical Karst Forests during the Dry Season. Forests 2018, 9(5). 

52.Liu JQ, Liu WJ, Zhu K: Throughfall kinetic energy and its spatial characteristics under rubber-based agroforestry systems`. Catena 2018, 161:113-121. 

53.Liu JQ, Liu WJ, Li WX, Jiang XJ, Wu JE: Effects of rainfall on the spatial distribution of the throughfall kinetic energy on a small scale in a rubber plantation. Hydrological Sciences Journal-Journal Des Sciences Hydrologiques 2018, 63(7):1078-1090. 

54.Jiang XJ, Liu W, Chen C, Liu J, Yuan Z-Q, Jin B, Yu X: Effects of three morphometric features of roots on soil water flow behavior in three sites in China. Geoderma 2018, 320:161-171. 

55.Chen CF, Liu WJ, Wu JN, Jiang XJ: Spatio-temporal variations of carbon and nitrogen in biogenic structures of two fungus-growing termites (M. annandalei and O. yunnanensis) in the Xishuangbanna region. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 2018, 117:125-134. 

56.Wu JN, Liu WJ, Chen CF: How do plants share water sources in a rubber-tea agroforestry system during the pronounced dry season? Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 2017, 236:69-77. 

57.Liu WJ, Luo QP, Lu HJ, Wu JE, Duan WP: The effect of litter layer on controlling surface runoff and erosion in rubber plantations on tropical mountain slopes, SW China. Catena 2017, 149:167-175. 


59.Jiang XJ, Liu WJ, Wang EH, Zhou TZ, Xin P: Residual plastic mulch fragments effects on soil physical properties and water flow behavior in the Minqin Oasis, northwestern China. Soil & Tillage Research 2017, 166:100-107. 

60.Chen CF, Liu WJ, Jiang XJ, Wu JE: Effects of rubber-based agroforestry systems on soil aggregation and associated soil organic carbon: Implications for land use. Geoderma 2017, 299:13-24. 

61.Yu WS, Wei FL, Ma YM, Liu WJ, Zhang YY, Luo L, Tian LD, Xu BQ, Qu DM: Stable isotope variations in precipitation over Deqin on the southeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau during different seasons related to various meteorological factors and moisture sources. Atmospheric Research 2016, 170:123-130. 

62.Wu JN, Liu WJ, Chen CF: Below-ground interspecific competition for water in a rubber agroforestry system may enhance water utilization in plants. Scientific Reports 2016, 6. 

63.Wu JN, Liu WJ, Chen CF: Can intercropping with the world's three major beverage plants help improve the water use of rubber trees? Journal of Applied Ecology 2016, 53(6):1787-1799. 

64.Wang PY, Zhang YX, Li DZ, Liu WJ: Dendrocalamus jinghongensis (Poaceae, Bambusoideae), another new woody bamboo from Yunnan, China. Phytotaxa 2016, 272(3):209-214. 

65.Liu WJ, Zhu CJ, Wu JE, Chen CF: Are rubber-based agroforestry systems effective in controlling rain splash erosion? Catena 2016, 147:16-24. 

66.Li HM, Ma YX, Liu WJ: Land use and topography as predictors of nitrogen levels in tropical catchments in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Environmental Earth Sciences 2016, 75(6). 

67.Fu PL, Liu WJ, Fan ZX, Cao KF: Is fog an important water source for woody plants in an Asian tropical karst forest during the dry season? Ecohydrology 2016, 9(6):964-972. 

68.Tan ZH, Zhang YP, Deng XB, Song QH, Liu WJ, Deng Y, Tang JW, Liao ZY, Zhao JF, Song L et al: Interannual and seasonal variability of water use efficiency in a tropical rainforest: Results from a 9 year eddy flux time series. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 2015, 120(2):464-479. 

69.Liu WJ, Luo QP, Li JT, Wang PY, Lu HJ, Liu WY, Li HM: The effects of conversion of tropical rainforest to rubber plantation on splash erosion in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Hydrology Research 2015, 46(1):168-174. 

70.Liu WJ, Wang PY, Li JT, Liu WY, Li HM: Plasticity of source-water acquisition in epiphytic, transitional and terrestrial growth phases of Ficus tinctoria. Ecohydrology 2014, 7(6):1524-1533. 

71.Liu WJ, Li PJ, Duan WP, Liu WY: Dry-season water utilization by trees growing on thin karst soils in a seasonal tropical rainforest of Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Ecohydrology 2014, 7(3):927-935. 

72.Liu WJ, Li JT, Lu HJ, Wang PY, Luo QP, Liu WY, Li HM: Vertical patterns of soil water acquisition by non-native rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis) in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Ecohydrology 2014, 7(4):1234-1244. 

73.Tan ZH, Cao M, Yu GR, Tang JW, Deng XB, Song QH, Tang Y, Zheng Z, Liu WJ, Feng ZL et al: High sensitivity of a tropical rainforest to water variability: Evidence from 10 years of inventory and eddy flux data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 2013, 118(16):9393-9400. 

74.Li HM, Ma YX, Liu WJ, Liu WJ: Soil Changes Induced by Rubber and Tea Plantation Establishment: Comparison with Tropical Rain Forest Soil in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Environmental Management 2012, 50(5):837-848. 


76.Tan ZH, Zhang YP, Song QH, Liu WJ, Deng XB, Tang JW, Deng Y, Zhou WJ, Yang LY, Yu GR et al: Rubber plantations act as water pumps in tropical China. Geophysical Research Letters 2011, 38. 

77.Liu WJ, Liu WY, Lu HJ, Duan WP, Li HM: Runoff generation in small catchments under a native rain forest and a rubber plantation in Xishuangbanna, southwestern China. Water and Environment Journal 2011, 25(1):138-147. 

78.Liu WJ, Liu WY, Li PJ, Duan WP, Li HM: Dry season water uptake by two dominant canopy tree species in a tropical seasonal rainforest of Xishuangbanna, SW China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2010, 150(3):380-388. 

79.Li HM, Ma YX, Liu WJ, Liu WJ: Clearance and fragmentation of tropical rain forest in Xishuangbanna, SW, China. Biodiversity and Conservation 2009, 18(13):3421-3440. 

80.Tian LW, Bi Y, Ho SC, Liu WJ, Liang S, Goggins WB, Chan EYY, Zhou S, Sung JJY: One-year delayed effect of fog on malaria transmission: a time-series analysis in the rain forest area of Mengla County, south-west China. Malaria Journal 2008, 7. 

81.Liu WJ, Wang PY, Liu WY, Li JT, Li PJ: The importance of radiation fog in the tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, south-west China. Hydrology Research 2008, 39(1):79-87. 

82.Liu WJ, Liu WY, Li JT, Wu ZW, Li HM: Isotope variations of throughfall, stemflow and soil water in a tropical rain forest and a rubber plantation in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Hydrology Research 2008, 39(5-6):437-449. 

83.Liu WJ, Liu WY, Li PJ, Gao L, Shen YX, Wang PY, Zhang YP, Li HM: Using stable isotopes to determine sources of fog drip in a tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, SW China. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2007, 143(1-2):80-91. 

84.Liu WJ, Zhang YP, Li HL, Meng FR, Liu YH, Wang CM: Fog- and rainwater chemistry in the tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Water Air and Soil Pollution 2005, 167(1-4):295-309. 

85.Dou JX, Zhang YP, Feng ZW, Liu WJ: Variation in photosynthetic photon flux density within a tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, south-western China. Journal of Environmental Sciences 2005, 17(6):966-969. 

86.Liu WJ, Meng FR, Zhang YP, Liu YH, Li HM: Water input from fog drip in the tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, South-West China. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2004, 20:517-524. 



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