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Faculty and Staff
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88 Xuefu Road, Kunming, 650223, Yunnan, China

 Name: Cao Min

Gender: Male 

Date of Birth: September 29, 1960 (Yunnan, P. R. China) 


B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., Yunnan University, Kunming, P.R. China

1992-1993: Institute for Biology at the University of Freiburg, Germany   Visiting scholar (12 months)

Specialty: Geobotany 

1995-1996: Geobotanical Institute, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland Visiting scholar (6 months)

Specialty: Vegetation Ecology 

 Forest Ecology, Biodiversity Conservation, Vegetation Ecology

 In 1997, Dr. Cao Min won the Fang Shuquan Young Scientist Prize of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
.In 2004, the research project of “Study on Dynamics of Tropical Forest in Southwestern China” was awarded the second-grade “Prize of Natural Sciences” by Yunnan province. (first contributor)
.In 2007, awarded “Government Special Subsidy” by the State Council


1.Zhang YZ, Hogan JA, Crowther TW, Xu SJ, Zhao RS, Song PF, Cui MF, Song XY, Cao M, Yang J: Drivers and mechanisms that contribute to microbial β-diversity patterns and range sizes in mountains across a climatic variability gradient. Ecography 2024, 2024(3). 

2.Yang J, Fan H, He YY, Wang G, Cao M, Swenson NG: Functional genomics and co-occurrence in a diverse tropical tree genus: The roles of drought- and defence-related genes. Journal of Ecology 2024. 

3.Zhang S, Xu GR, Zhang YX, Zhang WF, Cao M: Canopy height, rather than neighborhood effects, shapes leaf herbivory in a tropical rainforest. Ecology 2023, 104(5). 

4.Zhang L, Liu XJ, Sun ZH, Bu WS, Bongers FJ, Song XY, Yang J, Sun ZK, Li Y, Li S et al: Functional trait space and redundancy of plant communities decrease toward cold temperature at high altitudes in Southwest China. Science China-Life Sciences 2023, 66(2):376-384. 

5.Yao ZL, Yang X, Wang B, Shao XN, Wen HD, Deng Y, Zhang ZM, Cao M, Lin LX: Multidimensional beta-diversity across local and regional scales in a Chinese subtropical forest: The role of forest structure. Ecology and Evolution 2023, 13(10). 

6.Xu SJ, Yuan Y, Song PF, Cui MF, Zhao RS, Song XY, Cao M, Zhang YZ, Yang J: The spatial patterns of diversity and their relationships with environments in rhizosphere microorganisms and host plants differ along elevational gradients. Frontiers in Microbiology 2023, 14. 

7.Wang XZ, He YY, Sedio BE, Jin L, Ge XJ, Glomglieng S, Cao M, Yang JH, Swenson NG, Yang J: Phytochemical diversity impacts herbivory in a tropical rainforest tree community. Ecology Letters 2023. 

8.Sun ZH, Sonsuthi A, Jucker T, Ali A, Cao M, Liu F, Cao GH, Hu TY, Ma Q, Guo QH et al: Top Canopy Height and Stem Size Variation Enhance Aboveground Biomass across Spatial Scales in Seasonal Tropical Forests. Plants-Basel 2023, 12(6). 

9.Phoutthavong K, Katabuchi M, Nakamura A, Cheng X, Cao M: Inter- and intraspecific adaptations of pteridophyte leaf traits in limestone and non-limestone forests of monsoon tropical regions of southwest China. Journal of Plant Ecology 2023, 16(6). 

10.Lu MM, Cao M, Yang J, Swenson NG: Comparative transcriptomics reveals divergence in pathogen response gene families amongst 20 forest tree species. G3-Genes Genomes Genet 2023, 13(12). 

11.Li SQ, Chatterjee M, Yao ZL, Wen HD, Cao M, Chen YJ, Lin LX: Soil water availability strongly drives the differentiation of acquisitive and conservative strategies for coexisting woody species in a Chinese subtropical evergreen forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 2023, 34(6). 

12.Hogan JA, Jusino MA, Smith ME, Corrales A, Song XY, Hu YH, Yang J, Cao M, Valverde-Barrantes OJ, Baraloto C: Root-associated fungal communities are influenced more by soils than by plant-host root traits in a Chinese tropical forest. New Phytologist 2023, 238(5):1849-1864. 

13.Zhang YZ, Liu Y, Sun L, Baskin CC, Baskin JM, Cao M, Yang J: Seed dormancy in space and time: global distribution, paleoclimatic and present climatic drivers, and evolutionary adaptations. New Phytologist 2022, 234(5):1770-1781. 

14.Zeng L, Cao M, Lin LX, Peters CM: Tree Diversity and Regeneration in Sacred Groves and Nature Reserves in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. J Ethnobiol 2022, 42(4):432-460. 

15.Wang XZ, Sun SW, Sedio BE, Glomglieng S, Cao M, Cao KF, Yang JH, Zhang JL, Yang J: Niche differentiation along multiple functional-trait dimensions contributes to high local diversity of Euphorbiaceae in a tropical tree assemblage. Journal of Ecology 2022, 110(11):2731-2744. 

16.Needham JF, Johnson DJ, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Bourg N, Bunyavejchewin S, Butt N, Cao M, Cardenas D, Chang-Yang CH, Chen YY et al: Demographic composition, not demographic diversity, predicts biomass and turnover across temperate and tropical forests. Global Change Biology 2022, 28(9):2895-2909. 

17.Liu LB, Yang J, Cao M, Song QH: Intraspecific trait variation of woody species reduced in a savanna community, southwest China. Plant Diversity 2022, 44(2):163-169. 

18.Li QM, Cai CN, Xu WM, Cao M, Sha LQ, Lin LX, He TH: Adaptive genetic diversity of dominant species contributes to species co-existence and community assembly. Plant Diversity 2022, 44(3):271-278. 

19.He YY, Srisombut K, Xing DL, Swenson NG, Asefa M, Cao M, Song XY, Wen HD, Yang J: Ontogenetic trait variation and metacommunity effects influence species relative abundances during tree community assembly. Plant Diversity 2022, 44(4):360-368. 

20.Deng Y, Dong JL, Zhang WF, Yuan SD, Tan ZH, Song QH, Deng XB, Cao M: Quantifying the vertical microclimate profile within a tropical seasonal rainforest, based on both ground- and canopy-referenced approaches. Iforest-Biogeosciences and Forestry 2022, 15:24-32. 

21.Bai XL, Liu Q, Mohandass D, Cao M, Wen HD, Chen YJ, Gupta SK, Lin LX, Zhang JL: Spatial autocorrelation shapes liana distribution better than topography and host tree properties in a subtropical evergreen broadleaved forest in SW China. Biotropica 2022, 54(2):301-308. 

22.Zhong YL, Chu CJ, Myers JA, Gilbert GS, Lutz JA, Stillhard J, Zhu K, Thompson J, Baltzer JL, He FL et al: Arbuscular mycorrhizal trees influence the latitudinal beta-diversity gradient of tree communities in forests worldwide. Nature Communications 2021, 12(1). 

23.Yang J, Song XY, Zambrano J, Chen YX, Cao M, Deng XB, Zhang WF, Yang XF, Zhang GC, Tang Y et al: Intraspecific variation in tree growth responses to neighbourhood composition and seasonal drought in a tropical forest. Journal of Ecology 2021, 109(1):26-37. 

24.Yang J, Song XY, Cao M, Deng XB, Zhang WF, Yang XF, Swenson NG: On the modelling of tropical tree growth: the importance of intra-specific trait variation, non-linear functions and phenotypic integration. Annals of Botany 2021, 127(4):533-542. 

25.Wiegand T, Wang XG, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Bourg NA, Cao M, Ci XQ, Davies SJ, Hao ZQ, Howe RW, Kress WJ et al: Consequences of spatial patterns for coexistence in species-rich plant communities. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2021, 5(7):965-+. 

26.Umana MN, Swenson NG, Marchand P, Cao M, Lin LX, Zhang CC: Relating leaf traits to seedling performance in a tropical forest: building a hierarchical functional framework. Ecology 2021, 102(7). 

27.Umana MN, Cao M, Lin LX, Swenson NG, Zhang CC: Trade-offs in above- and below-ground biomass allocation influencing seedling growth in a tropical forest. Journal of Ecology 2021, 109(3):1184-1193. 

28.Song XY, Yang J, Cao M, Lin LX, Sun ZH, Wen HD, Swenson NG: Traits mediate a trade-off in seedling growth response to light and conspecific density in a diverse subtropical forest. Journal of Ecology 2021, 109(2):703-713. 

29.Song XY, Cao M, Li JQ, Kitching RL, Nakamura A, Laidlaw MJ, Tang Y, Sun ZH, Zhang WF, Yang J: Different environmental factors drive tree species diversity along elevation gradients in three climatic zones in Yunnan, southern China. Plant Diversity 2021, 43(6):433-443. 

30.Qiao XJ, Zhang JX, Wang Z, Xu YZ, Zhou TY, Mi XC, Cao M, Ye WH, Jin GZ, Hao ZQ et al: Foundation species across a latitudinal gradient in China. Ecology 2021, 102(2). 

31.Mi XC, Sun ZH, Song YF, Liu XJ, Yang J, Wu JJ, Ci XQ, Li J, Lin LX, Cao M et al: Rare tree species have narrow environmental but not functional niches. Functional Ecology 2021, 35(2):511-520. 

32.Liu Y, Baskin CC, Baskin JM, Yang J, Cao M, Wen B: Seed dormancy profiles for forest dynamics plot data: focusing on a tropical seasonal rainforest in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Plant Biology 2021, 23(3):420-426. 

33.Liu Q, Sterck FJ, Zhang JL, Scheire A, Konings E, Cao M, Sha LQ, Poorter L: Traits, strategies, and niches of liana species in a tropical seasonal rainforest. Oecologia 2021, 196(2):499-514. 

34.Liu Q, Sterck FJ, Medina-Vega JA, Sha LQ, Cao M, Bongers F, Zhang JL, Poorter L: Soil nutrients, canopy gaps and topography affect liana distribution in a tropical seasonal rain forest in southwestern China. Journal of Vegetation Science 2021, 32(1). 

35.Davies SJ, Abiem I, Abu Salim K, Aguilar S, Allen D, Alonso A, Anderson-Teixeira K, Andrade A, Arellano G, Ashton PS et al: ForestGEO: Understanding forest diversity and dynamics through a global observatory network. Biological Conservation 2021, 253. 

36.Cao K, Condit R, Mi XC, Chen L, Ren HB, Xu WB, Burslem D, Cai CR, Cao M, Chang LW et al: Species packing and the latitudinal gradient in beta-diversity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 2021, 288(1948). 

37.Asefa M, Song XY, Cao M, Lasky JR, Yang J: Temporal trait plasticity predicts the growth of tropical trees. Journal of Vegetation Science 2021, 32(4). 

38.Worthy SJ, Laughlin DC, Zambrano J, Umana MN, Zhang CC, Lin LX, Cao M, Swenson NG: Alternative designs and tropical tree seedling growth performance landscapes. Ecology 2020, 101(6). 

39.Worthy SJ, Laughlin DC, Zambrano J, Uma?a MN, Zhang CC, Lin LX, Cao M, Swenson NG: Alternative designs and tropical tree seedling growth performance landscapes. Ecology 2020, 101(6). 

40.Song XY, Zhang WF, Johnson DJ, Yang J, Asefa M, Deng XB, Yang XF, Cao M: Conspecific negative density dependence in rainy season enhanced seedling diversity across habitats in a tropical forest. Oecologia 2020, 193(4):949-957. 

41.Liu XB, Zou XM, Cao M, Luo TS: Organic Carbon Storage and C-14 Apparent Age of Upland and Riparian Soils in a Montane Subtropical Moist Forest of Southwestern China. Forests 2020, 11(6). 

42.Linger E, Hogan JA, Cao M, Zhang WF, Yang XF, Hu YH: Precipitation influences on the net primary productivity of a tropical seasonal rainforest in Southwest China: A 9-year case study. Forest Ecology and Management 2020, 467. 

43.Deng Y, Deng XB, Dong JL, Zhang WF, Hu T, Nakamura A, Song XY, Fu PL, Cao M: Detecting Growth Phase Shifts Based on Leaf Trait Variation of a Canopy Dipterocarp Tree Species (Parashorea chinensis). Forests 2020, 11(11). 

44.Blanchard BD, Nakamura A, Cao M, Chen SHT, Moreau CS: Spine and dine: A key defensive trait promotes ecological success in spiny ants. Ecology and Evolution 2020, 10(12):5852-5863. 

45.Atapattu AJ, Xia SW, Cao M, Zhang WF, Mishra S, Yang XD: Can Dominant Canopy Species Leaf Litter Determine Soil Nutrient Heterogeneity? A Case Study in a Tropical Rainforest in Southwest China. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 2020, 20(4):2479-2489. 

46.Asefa M, Wen HD, Cao M, Hu YH: Key Community Assembly Processes Switch between Scales in Shaping Beta Diversity in Two Primary Forests, Southwest China. Forests 2020, 11(10). 

47.Asefa M, Wen HD, Brown C, Cao M, Xu K, Hu YH: Ecological drivers of tree assemblage in tropical, subtropical and subalpine forests. Journal of Vegetation Science 2020, 31(1):107-117. 

48.Asefa M, Cao M, He YY, Mekonnen E, Song XY, Yang J: Ethiopian vegetation types, climate and topography. Plant Diversity 2020, 42(4):302-311. 

49.Xia S-W, Cao M, Yang X, Chen J, Goodale UM: Fine scale heterogeneity of soil properties causes seedling spatial niche separation in a tropical rainforest. Plant and Soil 2019, 438(1-2):435-445. 

50.Song X, Cao M, Kitching RL, Tang Y, Sun Z, Nakamura A, Laidlaw MJ, Yang J: Environmental and spatial contributions to seedling and adult tree assembly across tropical, subtropical and subalpine elevational gradients. Journal of Plant Ecology 2019, 12(1):103-112. 

51.Phoutthavong K, Nakamura A, Cheng X, Cao M: Differences in pteridophyte diversity between limestone forests and non-limestone forests in the monsoonal tropics of southwestern China. Plant Ecology 2019, 220(10):917-934. 

52.Menge DNL, Chisholm RA, Davies SJ, Abu Salim K, Allen D, Alvarez M, Bourg N, Brockelman WY, Bunyavejchewin S, Butt N et al: Patterns of nitrogen-fixing tree abundance in forests across Asia and America. Journal of Ecology 2019, 107(6):2598-2610. 

53.Mani S, Cao M: Nitrogen and Phosphorus Concentration in Leaf Litter and Soil in Xishuangbanna Tropical Forests: Does Precipitation Limitation Matter? Forests 2019, 10(3). 

54.Fontanilla AM, Nakamura A, Xu ZH, Cao M, Kitching RL, Tang Y, Burwell CJ: Taxonomic and Functional Ant Diversity Along tropical, Subtropical, and Subalpine Elevational Transects in Southwest China. Insects 2019, 10(5). 

55.Chu C, Lutz JA, Kral K, Vrska T, Yin X, Myers JA, Abiem I, Alonso A, Bourg N, Burslem DFRP et al: Direct and indirect effects of climate on richness drive the latitudinal diversity gradient in forest trees. Ecology Letters 2019, 22(2):245-255. 

56.Asefa M, Brown C, Cao M, Zhang G, Ci X, Sha L, Li J, Lin L, Yang J: Contrasting effects of space and environment on functional and phylogenetic dissimilarity in a tropical forest. Journal of Plant Ecology 2019, 12(2):314-326. 

57.Yang J, Cao M, Swenson NG: Why Functional Traits Do Not Predict Tree Demographic Rates. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 2018, 33(5):326-336. 

58.Umana MN, Zipkin EF, Zhang C, Cao M, Lin L, Swenson NG: Individual-level trait variation and negative density dependence affect growth in tropical tree seedlings. Journal of Ecology 2018, 106(6):2446-2455. 

59.Umana MN, Zhang CC, Cao M, Lin LX, Swenson NG: Quantifying the role of intra-specific trait variation for allocation and organ-level traits in tropical seedling communities. Journal of Vegetation Science 2018, 29(2):276-284. 

60.Sreekar R, Katabuchi M, Nakamura A, Corlett RT, Slik JWF, Fletcher C, He F, Weiblen GD, Shen G, Xu H et al: Spatial scale changes the relationship between beta diversity, species richness and latitude. Royal Society Open Science 2018, 5(9). 

61.Song XY, Johnson DJ, Cao M, Umana MN, Deng XB, Yang XF, Zhang WF, Yang J: The strength of density-dependent mortality is contingent on climate and seedling size. Journal of Vegetation Science 2018, 29(4):662-670. 

62.Song X, Hogan JA, Lin L, Wen H, Cao M, Yang J: Canopy openness and topographic habitat drive tree seedling recruitment after snow damage in an old-growth subtropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management 2018, 429:493-502. 

63.Shao XN, Brown C, Worthy SJ, Liu L, Cao M, Li QM, Lin LX, Swenson NG: Intra-specific relatedness, spatial clustering and reduced demographic performance in tropical rainforest trees. Ecology Letters 2018, 21(8):1174-1181. 

64.Lutz JA, Furniss TJ, Johnson DJ, Davies SJ, Allen D, Alonso A, Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Andrade A, Baltzer J, Becker KML et al: Global importance of large-diameter trees. Global Ecology and Biogeography 2018, 27(7):849-864. 

65.Zhang CC, Yang J, Sha LQ, Ci XQ, Li J, Cao M, Brown C, Swenson NG, Lin LX: Lack of phylogenetic signals within environmental niches of tropical tree species across life stages. Scientific Reports 2017, 7. 

66.Umana MN, Zhang CC, Cao M, Lin LX, Swenson NG: A core-transient framework for trait-based community ecology: an example from a tropical tree seedling community. Ecology Letters 2017, 20(5):619-628. 

67.Umana MN, Mi XC, Cao M, Enquist BJ, Hao ZQ, Howe R, Iida Y, Johnson D, Lin LX, Liu XJ et al: The role of functional uniqueness and spatial aggregation in explaining rarity in trees. Global Ecology and Biogeography 2017, 26(7):777-786. 

68.Tan ZH, Hughes A, Sato T, Zhang YP, Han SJ, Kosugi Y, Goulden M, Deng XB, Cao M, Hao ZQ et al: Quantifying forest net primary production: combining eddy flux, inventory and metabolic theory. Iforest-Biogeosciences and Forestry 2017, 10:475-482. 

69.Song XY, Hogan JA, Brown C, Cao M, Yang J: Snow damage to the canopy facilitates alien weed invasion in a subtropical montane primary forest in southwestern China. Forest Ecology and Management 2017, 391:275-281. 

70.Nakamura A, Kitching RL, Cao M, Creedy TJ, Fayle TM, Freiberg M, Hewitt CN, Itioka T, Koh LP, Ma K et al: Forests and Their Canopies: Achievements and Horizons in Canopy Science. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 2017, 32(6):438-451. 

71.Asefa M, Cao M, Zhang GC, Ci XQ, Li J, Yang J: Environmental filtering structures tree functional traits combination and lineages across space in tropical tree assemblages. Scientific Reports 2017, 7. 

72.Xu WM, Liu L, He TH, Cao M, Sha LQ, Hu YH, Li QM, Li J: Soil properties drive a negative correlation between species diversity and genetic diversity in a tropical seasonal rainforest. Scientific Reports 2016, 6. 

73.Wu JJ, Swenson NG, Brown C, Zhang CC, Yang J, Ci XQ, Li J, Sha LQ, Cao M, Lin LX: How does habitat filtering affect the detection of conspecific and phylogenetic density dependence? Ecology 2016, 97(5):1182-1193. 

74.Swenson NG, Weiser MD, Mao LF, Normand S, Rodriguez MA, Lin LX, Cao M, Svenning JC: Constancy in Functional Space across a Species Richness Anomaly. American Naturalist 2016, 187(4):E83-E92. 

75.Song XY, Nakamura A, Sun ZH, Tang Y, Cao M: Elevational Distribution of Adult Trees and Seedlings in a Tropical Montane Transect, Southwest China. Mountain Research and Development 2016, 36(3):342-354. 

76.Song XY, Li JQ, Zhang WF, Tang Y, Sun ZH, Cao M: Variant responses of tree seedling to seasonal drought stress along an elevational transect in tropical montane forests. Scientific Reports 2016, 6. 


78.Li YW, Xia YJ, Li HY, Deng XB, Sha LQ, Li B, Lin LX, Cao M: Accumulated Impacts of Sulfur Spraying on Soil Nutrient Availability and Microbial Biomass in Rubber Plantations. Clean-Soil Air Water 2016, 44(8):1001-1010. 

79.Lan GY, Zhang YB, He FL, Hu YH, Zhu H, Cao M: Species associations of congeneric species in a tropical seasonal rain forest of China. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2016, 32:201-212. 

80.Ashton LA, Nakamura A, Burwell CJ, Tang Y, Cao M, Whitaker T, Sun Z, Huang H, Kitching RL: Elevational sensitivity in an Asian 'hotspot': moth diversity across elevational gradients in tropical, sub-tropical and sub-alpine China. Scientific Reports 2016, 6. 

81.Ashton LA, Nakamura A, Basset Y, Burwell CJ, Cao M, Eastwood R, Odell E, de Oliveira EG, Hurley K, Katabuchi M et al: Vertical stratification of moths across elevation and latitude. Journal of Biogeography 2016, 43(1):59-69. 

82.Yang J, Swenson NG, Zhang GC, Ci XQ, Cao M, Sha LQ, Li J, Slik JWF, Lin LX: Local-scale Partitioning of Functional and Phylogenetic Beta Diversity in a Tropical Tree Assemblage. Scientific Reports 2015, 5. 

83.Umana MN, Zhang CC, Cao M, Lin LX, Swenson NG: Commonness, rarity, and intraspecific variation in traits and performance in tropical tree seedlings. Ecology Letters 2015, 18(12):1329-1337. 

84.Tan ZH, Deng XB, Hughes A, Tang Y, Cao M, Zhang WF, Yang XF, Sha LQ, Song L, Zhao JF: Partial net primary production of a mixed dipterocarp forest: Spatial patterns and temporal dynamics. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 2015, 120(3):570-583. 

85.Song L, Ma WZ, Yao YL, Liu WY, Li S, Chen K, Lu HZ, Cao M, Sun ZH, Tan ZH et al: Bole bryophyte diversity and distribution patterns along three altitudinal gradients in Yunnan, China. Journal of Vegetation Science 2015, 26(3):576-587. 

86.Li YW, Xia YJ, Lei YB, Deng Y, Chen H, Sha LQ, Cao M, Deng XB: Estimating changes in soil organic carbon storage due to land use changes using a modified calculation method. Iforest-Biogeosciences and Forestry 2015, 8:45-52. 

87.Kitching RL, Nakamura A, Yasuda M, Hughes AC, Min C: Environmental determinism of community structure across trophic levels: moth assemblages and substrate type in the rain forests of south-western China. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2015, 31:81-89. 

88.Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Davies SJ, Bennett AC, Gonzalez-Akre EB, Muller-Landau HC, Wright SJ, Abu Salim K, Almeyda Zambrano AM, Alonso A, Baltzer JL et al: CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. Global Change Biology 2015, 21(2):528-549. 

89.Zhou GY, Houlton BZ, Wang WT, Huang WJ, Xiao Y, Zhang QM, Liu SZ, Cao M, Wang XH, Wang SL et al: Substantial reorganization of China's tropical and subtropical forests: based on the permanent plots. Global Change Biology 2014, 20(1):240-250. 

90.Yang J, Zhang GC, Ci XQ, Swenson NG, Cao M, Sha LQ, Li J, Baskin CC, Slik JWF, Lin LX: Functional and phylogenetic assembly in a Chinese tropical tree community across size classes, spatial scales and habitats. Functional Ecology 2014, 28(2):520-529. 

91.Yang J, Ci XQ, Lu MM, Zhang GC, Cao M, Li J, Lin LX: Functional traits of tree species with phylogenetic signal co-vary with environmental niches in two large forest dynamics plots. Journal of Plant Ecology 2014, 7(2):115-125. 

92.Rejou-Mechain M, Muller-Landau HC, Detto M, Thomas SC, Le Toan T, Saatchi SS, Barreto-Silva JS, Bourg NA, Bunyavejchewin S, Butt N et al: Local spatial structure of forest biomass and its consequences for remote sensing of carbon stocks. Biogeosciences 2014, 11(23):6827-6840. 

93.Lasky JR, Yang J, Zhang GC, Cao M, Tang Y, Keitt TH: The role of functional traits and individual variation in the co-occurrence of Ficus species. Ecology 2014, 95(4):978-990. 

94.Hu YH, Kitching RL, Lan GY, Zhang JL, Sha LQ, Cao M: Size-Class Effect Contributes to Tree Species Assembly through Influencing Dispersal in Tropical Forests. Plos One 2014, 9(9). 

95.Feng G, Mi XC, Bocher PK, Mao LF, Sandel B, Cao M, Ye WH, Hao ZQ, Gong HD, Zhang YT et al: Relative roles of local disturbance, current climate and paleoclimate in determining phylogenetic and functional diversity in Chinese forests. Biogeosciences 2014, 11(5):1361-1370. 

96.Yang J, Swenson NG, Cao M, Chuyong GB, Ewango CEN, Howe R, Kenfack D, Thomas D, Wolf A, Lin LX: A Phylogenetic Perspective on the Individual Species-Area Relationship in Temperate and Tropical Tree Communities. Plos One 2013, 8(5). 

97.Tan ZH, Cao M, Yu GR, Tang JW, Deng XB, Song QH, Tang Y, Zheng Z, Liu WJ, Feng ZL et al: High sensitivity of a tropical rainforest to water variability: Evidence from 10 years of inventory and eddy flux data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 2013, 118(16):9393-9400. 

98.Song QH, Tan ZH, Zhang YP, Cao M, Sha LQ, Tang Y, Liang NS, Schaefer D, Zhao JF, Zhao JB et al: Spatial heterogeneity of soil respiration in a seasonal rainforest with complex terrain. Iforest-Biogeosciences and Forestry 2013, 6:65-72. 

99.Ren HB, Condit R, Chen B, Mi XC, Cao M, Ye WH, Hao ZQ, Ma KP: Geographical Range and Local Abundance of Tree Species in China. Plos One 2013, 8(10). 

100.Li YW, Deng XB, Cao M, Lei YB, Xia YJ: Soil restoration potential with corridor replanting engineering in the monoculture rubber plantations of Southwest China. Ecological Engineering 2013, 51:169-177. 

101.He ZY, Tang Y, Deng XB, Cao M: Buttress trees in a 20-hectare tropical dipterocarp rainforest in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Journal of Plant Ecology 2013, 6(2):187-192. 

102.Chisholm RA, Muller-Landau HC, Abdul Rahman K, Bebber DP, Bin Y, Bohlman SA, Bourg NA, Brinks J, Bunyavejchewin S, Butt N et al: Scale-dependent relationships between tree species richness and ecosystem function in forests. Journal of Ecology 2013, 101(5). 



105.Brown C, Burslem D, Illian JB, Bao L, Brockelman W, Cao M, Chang LW, Dattaraja HS, Davies S, Gunatilleke CVS et al: Multispecies coexistence of trees in tropical forests: spatial signals of topographic niche differentiation increase with environmental heterogeneity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 2013, 280(1764). 

106.Zhu WZ, Cao M, Wang SG, Xiao WF, Li MH: Seasonal Dynamics of Mobile Carbon Supply in Quercus aquifolioides at the Upper Elevational Limit. Plos One 2012, 7(3). 

107.Tang ZH, Xu JL, Flanders J, Ding XM, Ma XF, Sheng LX, Cao M: Seed dispersal of Syzygium oblatum (Myrtaceae) by two species of fruit bat (Cynopterus sphinx and Rousettus leschenaulti) in South-West China. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2012, 28:255-261. 

108.Tang Y, Kitching RL, Cao M: Lianas as structural parasites: A re-evaluation. Chinese Science Bulletin 2012, 57(4):307-312. 

109.Mi XC, Swenson NG, Valencia R, Kress WJ, Erickson DL, Perez AJ, Ren HB, Su SH, Gunatilleke N, Gunatilleke S et al: The Contribution of Rare Species to Community Phylogenetic Diversity across a Global Network of Forest Plots. American Naturalist 2012, 180(1):E17-E30. 

110.Lin LX, Comita LS, Zheng Z, Cao M: Seasonal differentiation in density-dependent seedling survival in a tropical rain forest. Journal of Ecology 2012, 100(4):905-914. 

111.Lan GY, Zhu H, Cao M: Tree species diversity of a 20-ha plot in a tropical seasonal rainforest in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Journal of Forest Research 2012, 17(5):432-439. 

112.Lan GY, Getzin S, Wiegand T, Hu YH, Xie GS, Zhu H, Cao M: Spatial Distribution and Interspecific Associations of Tree Species in a Tropical Seasonal Rain Forest of China. Plos One 2012, 7(9). 

113.Hu YH, Sha LQ, Blanchet FG, Zhang JL, Tang Y, Lan GY, Cao M: Dominant species and dispersal limitation regulate tree species distributions in a 20-ha plot in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Oikos 2012, 121(6):952-960. 

114.Hu YH, Lan GY, Sha LQ, Cao M, Tang Y, Li YD, Xu DP: Strong Neutral Spatial Effects Shape Tree Species Distributions across Life Stages at Multiple Scales. Plos One 2012, 7(5). 

115.De Caceres M, Legendre P, Valencia R, Cao M, Chang LW, Chuyong G, Condit R, Hao ZQ, Hsieh CF, Hubbell S et al: The variation of tree beta diversity across a global network of forest plots. Global Ecology and Biogeography 2012, 21(12):1191-1202. 

116.Tang Y, Yang XF, Cao M, Baskin CC, Baskin JM: Buttress trees elevate soil heterogeneity and regulate seedling diversity in a tropical rainforest. Plant and Soil 2011, 338(1-2):301-309. 

117.Lin H, Cao M, Zhang YP: Self-organization of tropical seasonal rain forest in southwest China. Ecological Modelling 2011, 222(15):2812-2816. 

118.Lan GY, Hu YH, Cao M, Zhu H: Topography related spatial distribution of dominant tree species in a tropical seasonal rain forest in China. Forest Ecology and Management 2011, 262(8):1507-1513. 

119.Tang JW, Cao M, Zhang JH, Li MH: Litterfall production, decomposition and nutrient use efficiency varies with tropical forest types in Xishuangbanna, SW China: a 10-year study. Plant and Soil 2010, 335(1-2):271-288. 

120.Li ZH, Zhang YP, Wang SS, Yuan GF, Yang Y, Cao M: Evapotranspiration of a tropical rain forest in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Hydrological Processes 2010, 24(17):2405-2416. 

121.Fang HJ, Yu GR, Cheng SL, Zhu TH, Wang YS, Yan JH, Wang M, Cao M, Zhou M: Effects of multiple environmental factors on CO2 emission and CH4 uptake from old-growth forest soils. Biogeosciences 2010, 7(1):395-407. 

122.Lin LX, Cao M: Edge effects on soil seed banks and understory vegetation in subtropical and tropical forests in Yunnan, SW China. Forest Ecology and Management 2009, 257(4):1344-1352. 

123.Lin H, Cao M, Stoy PC, Zhang YP: Assessing self-organization of plant communities-A thermodynamic approach. Ecological Modelling 2009, 220(6):784-790. 

124.Lan GY, Zhu H, Cao M, Hu YH, Wang H, Deng XB, Zhou SS, Cui JY, Huang JG, He YC et al: Spatial dispersion patterns of trees in a tropical rainforest in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Ecological Research 2009, 24(5):1117-1124. 

125.Yu Y, Baskin JM, Baskin CC, Tang Y, Cao M: Ecology of seed germination of eight non-pioneer tree species from a tropical seasonal rain forest in southwest China. Plant Ecology 2008, 197(1):1-16. 

126.Yan YP, Sha LQ, Cao M, Zheng Z, Tang JW, Wang YH, Zhang YP, Wang R, Liu GR, Wang YS et al: Fluxes of CH4 and N2O from soil under a tropical seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Journal of Environmental Sciences 2008, 20(2):207-215. 

127.Tang ZH, Cao M, Sheng LX, Ma XF, Walsh A, Zhang SY: Seed dispersal of Morus macroura (Moraceae) by two frugivorous bats in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Biotropica 2008, 40(1):127-131. 

128.Lin H, Cao M: Plant energy storage strategy and caloric value. Ecological Modelling 2008, 217(1-2):132-138. 

129.Hu HB, Liu WJ, Cao M: Impact of land use and land cover changes on ecosystem services in Menglun, Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 2008, 146(1-3):147-156. 

130.Yan XF, Cao M, Xu HL: Effects of desiccation and temperature on the germination of Shorea chinensis (Dipterocarpaceae) seeds. Seed Science and Technology 2007, 35(1):232-236. 

131.Tang ZH, Sheng LX, Parsons S, Cao M, Liang B, Zhang SY: Fruit-feeding behaviour and use of olfactory cues by the fruit bat Rousettus leschenaulti: an experimental study. Acta Theriologica 2007, 52(3):285-290. 

132.Tang ZH, Mukherjee A, Sheng LX, Cao M, Liang B, Corlett RT, Zhang SY: Effect of ingestion by two frugivorous bat species on the seed germination of Ficus racemosa and F. hispida (Moraceae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 2007, 23:125-127. 

133.Shen YX, Liu WY, Cao M, Li YH: Seasonal variation in density and species richness of soil seed-banks in karst forests and degraded vegetation in central Yunnan, SW China. Seed Science Research 2007, 17(2):99-107. 

134.Liu Y, Zhang YP, He DM, Cao M, Zhu H: Climatic control of plant species richness along elevation gradients in the Longitudinal Range-Gorge Region. Chinese Science Bulletin 2007, 52:50-58. 

135.Li HM, Aide TM, Ma YX, Liu WJ, Cao M: Demand for rubber is causing the loss of high diversity rain forest in SW China. Biodiversity and Conservation 2007, 16(6):1731-1745. 

136.Zhu H, Cao M, Hu HB: Geological history, flora, and vegetation of Xishuangbanna, southern Yunnan, China. Biotropica 2006, 38(3):310-317. 

137.Zheng Z, Shanmughavel P, Sha LQ, Cao M, Warren M: Litter decomposition and nutrient release in a tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Biotropica 2006, 38(3):342-347. 

138.Zheng Z, Feng ZL, Cao M, Li ZF, Zhang JH: Forest structure and biomass of a tropical seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Biotropica 2006, 38(3):318-327. 

139.Tang Y, Cao M, Fu XF: Soil seedbank in a dipterocarp rain forest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Biotropica 2006, 38(3):328-333. 

140.Shen YX, Liu WY, Baskin JM, Baskin CC, Cao M: Persistent soil seed banks of the globally significant invasive species, Eupatorium adenophorum, in Yunnan Province, south-western China. Seed Science Research 2006, 16(2):157-162. 

141.Lin LX, Cao M, He YT, Baskin JM, Baskin CC: Nonconstituent species in soil seed banks as indicators of anthropogenic disturbance in forest fragments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere 2006, 36(9):2300-2316. 

142.Cao M, Zou XM, Warren M, Zhu H: Tropical forests of Xishuangbanna, China. Biotropica 2006, 38(3):306-309. 

143.Sha LQ, Zheng Z, Tang JW, Wang YH, Zhang YP, Cao M, Wang R, Liu GG, Wang YS, Sun Y: Soil respiration in tropical seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Science in China Series D-Earth Sciences 2005, 48:189-197. 

144.Muthukumar T, Sha LQ, Yang XD, Cao M, Tang JW, Zheng Z: Distribution of roots and arbuscular mycorrhizal associations in tropical forest types of Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Applied Soil Ecology 2003, 22(3):241-253. 

145.Muthukumar T, Sha LQ, Yang XD, Cao M, Tang JW, Zheng Z: Mycorrhiza of plants in different vegetation types in tropical ecosystems of Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Mycorrhiza 2003, 13(6):289-297. 

146.Shanmughavel P, Zheng Z, Sha LQ, Min C: Floristic structure and biomass distribution of a tropical seasonal rain forest in Xishuangbanna, southwest China. Biomass & Bioenergy 2001, 21(3):165-175. 

147.Shanmughavel P, Sha LQ, Zheng Z, Cao M: Nutrient cycling in a tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Part 1: tree species: nutrient distribution and uptake. Bioresource Technology 2001, 80(3):163-170. 

148.Cao M, Tang Y, Sheng CY, Zhang JH: Viable seeds buried in the tropical forest soils of Xishuangbanna, SW China. Seed Science Research 2000, 10(3):255-264. 

149.Cao M, Zhang JH: Tree species diversity of tropical forest vegetation in Xishuangbanna, SW China. Biodiversity and Conservation 1997, 6(7):995-1006. 


Community service:

Member of the Steering Committee of Global Canopy Programme

Commitment to research the situation:
 Prof. Dr. Cao Min focuses his major research activities on forest ecology. So far, he has published more than 170 research papers both home and abroad, 150 of which are listed as SCI papers. He has presided over or participated in over tens of research projects.

.Directed and managed the construction of the 20-ha Xishuangbanna Tropical Rainforest Dynamics Plot, which is the biggest whole-forest observation plot in China.

.Determined the diversity measurements of forest types in Xishuangbanna for the first time.

.Conducted studies on the dynamic ecology in tropical rainforest, and applied relevant research achievements to the restoration of degraded vegetations.

.Directed and established an observation plot of 1 ha for Xishuangbanna tropical wet seasonal rainforest.

.Presided to accomplish the systematic research on tropical forest gap, soil seed bank, and seed rain ecology in China.